The countries’ hopes for football silverware rest on racially diverse team members who are equally active on off-field matters.
There are millions of fans ecstatic that England’s men’s team has reached the final of a major tournament – Euro 2020 – for the first time since it won the 1966 World Cup.
But like many British people of colour, this has had an ambivalent relationship with symbols of Englishness.
Yet, embracing them has come more easily, thanks to the young, multiethnic squad that is on the cusp of triumph in the European Championship.
It is ironic that these young footballers are likely to do more for the cause of Black Lives Matters in 90 minutes than the past 12 months.
After beating Denmark 2-1 in a semi-final that was watched by half the country’s population, England face Italy in the final at London’s Wembley Stadium this Sunday.
Many woke up the next morning, and thought, ‘I’m going to buy a St. George’s flag to hang out the window for Sunday,’”
For many immigrants living in the country, have never thought of owning an England shirt.
For many that has now changed, as they feel almost like that team has given them permission to feel like they can wear an England shirt too.
The last few years have been hard on England and the rest of the UK.
Britain’s exit from the European Union – a decision driven in part by a backlash against immigration – left the country scratchy and divided.
More than 128,000 people have died in the UK during the coronavirus pandemic, the highest toll in Western Europe.
But the Euros have provided a much-needed jolt of excitement and fun. Millions weary of lockdowns and bad news are backing a team whose members speak out against racism, take a knee before games, support LGBTQ pride, campaign against poverty and, crucially, win games.
For decades, supporting England has been synonymous with dashed hopes.
The lyrics of the country’s most popular football anthem “Three Lions” – originally released in 1996 – evokes England’s 1966 triumph and the long drought that followed: “Thirty years of hurt, never stopped me dreaming.”
Those 30 years have become 55, but once again England are dreaming.
The country’s hopes rest on a team vastly different from the all-white squad of 1966.
A poster created by the Museum of Migration showed what the England team would look like without the players who had a parent or grandparent born abroad: just three of the 11 starting players remained.
Missing were stars including captain Harry Kane, whose father is Irish; Marcus Rashford, whose mother is from Saint Kitts; Jamaica-born Raheem Sterling; and Buyako Saka, a Londoner with Nigerian parents.
The team is known less for wild off-the-pitch antics than for social responsibility, epitomised by 23-year-old Rashford’s campaign against child poverty, which convinced the government to restore free lunches for thousands of poor children.
Last week, Kane, 27, wore a rainbow armband to support LGBTQ pride during England’s match against Germany.
The players may be young multimillionaires, but they celebrate their local as well as international roots.
Rashford’s childhood in a working-class Manchester community inspires his anti-poverty work; Kalvin Phillips is a proud son of the northern city of Leeds; Sterling calls himself the “boy from Brent” after the London borough where he grew up.
For some, their success is helping to make Englishness a source of pride rather than awkwardness.
“There has been an enormous intergenerational shift towards a civic and inclusive English identity that crosses ethnic and faith grounds,” said Sunder Katwala, director of the equality think-tank British Future.
“Most migrants to Britain haven’t identified as English, but interestingly, their children have.”
Katwala said sports teams and tournaments do not drive social change but “ratify that shift that has been happening in society”.
“When I was a teenager, we associated football with all of the negative aspects of English identity: violence, racism, hooliganism,” Katwala said.
He said the modern, multicultural England team is part of a “culture shift” that has “changed the public conversation about what is English”.
Not everyone thinks the national football team represents all that is best about England.
Some conservative commentators have derided the players as uncomfortably “woke”.
Team members have been booed by some fans while taking a knee against racism before games.
Home Secretary Priti Patel has criticised the kneeling, calling it “gesture politics” and declined to condemn the booing.
Victory has silenced much of the criticism, at least temporarily.
Politicians have jumped on the England bandwagon. Conservative Prime Minister Boris Johnson, who has often criticised protests over racism and Britain’s imperial past, attended Wednesday’s game, awkwardly wearing an England jersey over his dress shirt.
He is under pressure to declare a national holiday if England win the final on Sunday.
One thing is for certain, tonight England’s roads will be deserted, as everyone will be glued to the TV, watching eleven heroes and a sprinkling of subs try to bring it home.